Blockchain and Real Estate
Real estate accounts for a huge portion of world economic asset and transaction activity. Today’s real estate market, consists of many independent networks with transactional inefficiency and obscurity between existing systems.
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The blockchain offers practical solutions in the form of  tokenisation of real estate assets, improving the process efficiency for underlying industry operations, lowered costs from process automation, providing access to global asset distribution and to secondary market opportunities.

Tokenisation refers to the digitisation of securities, alternative assets, and financial instruments, with respect to the real estate market, and through  Ethereum blockchain technology, digital assets may include ownership rights, transaction history, and rules to ensure asset issuance, distribution and transfers are regulation compliant and can be customised to meet all kinds of issuer requirements. Digital assets after being tokenised, they can be formed subdivisions of, facilitating the accessibility to a bigger number of investors. Digital securitisation of real estate properties known as tokenisation is one of the most beneficial advantages of Ethereum, to the industry. This can also aid cost reductions and facilitate processes of exchanging assets, innovating new features, administering dividends and managing other corporate actions.

Smart contracts can be used to collect and distribute payments to beneficiary holders, and deliver real-time reporting to regulators. Blockchain offers banking institutions a single version of verified information, secure data sharing, procedural transaction monitoring, and real-time payment settlement. By digitising a loan or mortgage, it can be programmed to include relevant data such as ownership rights and loan payment history to support future servicing decisions.

Land titles till date rely on physical documentation making it vulnerable to loss, fraud, and mismanagement. Property transfers and permits also require a multitude of lengthy and costly legal procedures, sometimes locking land in unproductive use.

With the help of blockchain, outdated paper deeds can be replaced with  digital assets and can enable changes to be tracked on an immutable ledger that acts as a secure shared source of facts for documents between multiple parties.

Blockchain-based planning platforms can include educational resources, token-based participation incentives, and a feedback loop between stakeholders. This would encourage community engagement and better integrate local communities in the property development value chain, improving public confidence, and improving developer services for sustainable success.